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EFSA review - penconazole

23 June 2017

Review of the existing maximum residue levels for penconazole according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005

According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance penconazole.

To assess the occurrence of penconazole residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Directive 91/414/EEC, the MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission as well as the European authorisations reported by Member States (including the supporting residues data).

Primary crop metabolism of penconazole was investigated in fruit crops (apples and tomatoes) upon foliar treatment. The metabolism in rotational crops was investigated in root and tuber vegetables (radish), leafy vegetables (lettuce) and cereals (wheat).

On the basis of the available metabolism studies in primary and rotational crops, the peer review agreed to establish the residue definition for enforcement as parent compound only. For risk assessment, the residue definition was set as the sum of penconazole and free and conjugated CGA 132465, CGA 190503 and CGA 127841, expressed as penconazole.

A conversion factor (CF) of 6 from enforcement to risk assessment was established on the basis of the metabolism data and available processing studies analysing simultaneously for penconazole and all metabolites containing the dichlorbenzoic acid moiety.

Based on the assessment of the available data, MRL proposals were derived and a consumer risk assessment was carried out. Although no apparent risk to consumers was identified, some information required by the regulatory framework was missing. Hence, the consumer risk assessment is considered indicative only and all MRL proposals derived by EFSA still require further consideration by risk managers.


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